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ChatPromptBuilder

This component constructs prompts dynamically by processing chat messages.

NameChatPromptBuilder
Folder path/builders/
Most common position in a pipelineBefore a Generator
Mandatory input variables“**kwargs”: Any strings that should be used to render the prompt template
Output variables“prompt”: A dynamically constructed prompt

Overview

ChatPromptBuilder generates prompts dynamically by processing a list of ChatMessage instances. It integrates with Jinja2 templating.

It constructs prompts for the pipeline using static or dynamic templates. Users can change
the prompt template at runtime by providing a new template for each pipeline run invocation if needed.

ChatMessage is a data class that includes message content, a role (who generated the message, such as userassistantsystemfunction), and optional metadata.

Variables

The template variables found in the init template are used as input types for the component and are all optional unless explicitly specified. If an optional template variable is not provided as an input, it will be replaced with an empty string in the rendered prompt. Use variable and required_variables to specify the input types and required variables.

Usage

On its own

With static template

from haystack.components.builders import ChatPromptBuilder
from haystack.dataclasses import ChatMessage

template = [ChatMessage.from_user("Translate to {{ target_language }}. Context: {{ snippet }}; Translation:")]
builder = ChatPromptBuilder(template=template)
builder.run(target_language="spanish", snippet="I can't speak spanish.")

Overriding static template at runtime

from haystack.components.builders import ChatPromptBuilder
from haystack.dataclasses import ChatMessage

template = [ChatMessage.from_user("Translate to {{ target_language }}. Context: {{ snippet }}; Translation:")]
builder = ChatPromptBuilder(template=template)
builder.run(target_language="spanish", snippet="I can't speak spanish.")

summary_template = [ChatMessage.from_user("Translate to {{ target_language }} and summarize. Context: {{ snippet }}; Summary:")]
builder.run(target_language="spanish", snippet="I can't speak spanish.", template=summary_template)

In a pipeline

from haystack.components.builders import ChatPromptBuilder
from haystack.components.generators.chat import OpenAIChatGenerator
from haystack.dataclasses import ChatMessage
from haystack import Pipeline
from haystack.utils import Secret

# no parameter init, we don't use any runtime template variables
prompt_builder = ChatPromptBuilder()
llm = OpenAIChatGenerator(api_key=Secret.from_token("<your-api-key>"), model="gpt-3.5-turbo")

pipe = Pipeline()
pipe.add_component("prompt_builder", prompt_builder)
pipe.add_component("llm", llm)
pipe.connect("prompt_builder.prompt", "llm.messages")

location = "Berlin"
language = "English"
system_message = ChatMessage.from_system("You are an assistant giving information to tourists in {{language}}")
messages = [system_message, ChatMessage.from_user("Tell me about {{location}}")]

res = pipe.run(data={"prompt_builder": {"template_variables": {"location": location, "language": language},
                                    "template": messages}})
print(res)

>> {'llm': {'replies': [ChatMessage(content="Berlin is the capital city of Germany and one of the most vibrant
and diverse cities in Europe. Here are some key things to know...Enjoy your time exploring the vibrant and dynamic
capital of Germany!", role=<ChatRole.ASSISTANT: 'assistant'>, name=None, meta={'model': 'gpt-3.5-turbo-0613',
'index': 0, 'finish_reason': 'stop', 'usage': {'prompt_tokens': 27, 'completion_tokens': 681, 'total_tokens':
708}})]}}

Then, you could ask about the weather forecast for the said location. The ChatPromptBuilder fills in the template with the new day_count variable and passes it to an LLM once again:

messages = [system_message, ChatMessage.from_user("What's the weather forecast for {{location}} in the next
{{day_count}} days?")]

res = pipe.run(data={"prompt_builder": {"template_variables": {"location": location, "day_count": "5"},
                                    "template": messages}})

print(res)
>> {'llm': {'replies': [ChatMessage(content="Here is the weather forecast for Berlin in the next 5
days:\n\nDay 1: Mostly cloudy with a high of 22°C (72°F) and...so it's always a good idea to check for updates
closer to your visit.", role=<ChatRole.ASSISTANT: 'assistant'>, name=None, meta={'model': 'gpt-3.5-turbo-0613',
'index': 0, 'finish_reason': 'stop', 'usage': {'prompt_tokens': 37, 'completion_tokens': 201,
'total_tokens': 238}})]}}

Related Links

See the parameters details in our API reference: